Problems with the scalp can lead to issues such as hair loss, dandruff, itching skin, and more. Diagnosing and treating scalp conditions can resolve many of these problems. Here are three of the scalp conditions which can lead to complications, along with how they are treated.


This condition, folliculitis, is the inflammation of hair follicles and has many causes. It can be caused by bacteria, specifically staphylococcus infection, shaving the head, hair dyes, heavy sweating, and some hair conditioners. It appears as small bumps filled with pus that look like acne and are usually sore.

To treat this condition, a doctor will take a culture to check for bacteria. If it is present, an oral or topical antibiotic will be prescribed. If there is no infection, then an anti-inflammatory ointment will generally be recommended.

Since this condition can also cause clogged hair follicles, which can lead to hair loss, a protein treatment can be used to clean the scalp and unclog follicles to allow healthy hair to continue growing. This treatment is widely available in many countries, and you can learn more about scalp treatment in Singapore.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This is one of the most common scalp problems, which can start in the form of cradle cap when a person is just an infant. This can transition into red patches on the skin which itch and produce either dandruff or greasy scales on adults. It usually comes and goes, triggered by stress or seasonal changes, and it is usually worse in the winter and early spring.

Along with the scalp, some people also have this condition on their body, specifically on the face, ears and chest. While a cause has not been determined, it is likely triggered by a fungus known as malassezia, which is present in the oil on the skin.

Treating seborrheic dermatitis is important because it can lead to significant hair loss in some people. Doctors will usually prescribe an anti-yeast shampoo to treat the condition. However, if dandruff or scales still appear, then a topical steroid treatment may be necessary.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis, or ACD, can cause an extremely itchy rash on the scalp, which can cause discomfort. It is caused by chemical contact to the skin, most often from a chemical called paraphenylenediamine, which is found in permanent hair dyes. It can also be caused by fragrances or other chemicals found in shampoos or hair conditioners.

It is usually diagnosed by its appearance and the timing between using hair chemicals and the appearance of the rash. Treating it can be simple once the cause is diagnosed, as you simply need to avoid hair products which contain the chemical. Also, a dermatologist may prescribe a topical steroid in gel, foam, cream, or ointment form to use for two to three weeks to reduce inflammation.

It is important to diagnose the cause of scalp irritations as many of them can lead to hair loss. You should see a dermatologist if you have a persistent itch, rash, or other annoying scalp issue.