Psoriasis is a common condition characterized by unsightly patches on the skin and is an autoimmune disorder. The patches on the skin are scaly, red and itchy generally. Psoriasis may show up in the form of localized or small patches whereby only certain portion of the body gets covered by the patches. On the other hand, the patches may cover the body entirely even. Any injury to the skin may result to such patches and they are known as Koebner Phenomenon. It is an inflammatory skin condition chronic in nature. This skin disease is also connected to the genes. Genetic factors may cause skin patches. The skin gets thickened and scaly which results from inflammatory chemicals being released from white blood cells. We can say that it is incurable disease which lasts for a long time. The Psoriasis treatment you choose to get rid of the skin patches rely on the kind of psoriasis it is.
The various causes of psoriasis
We don’t know the actual causes of psoriasis since a combination of factors might result to this skin disorder. They are genetic factors, environmental factors and it is seen that members of the same family suffer from it. Any defect in the immunity system or immune regulation is the leading cause of psoriasis.
The various kinds of psoriasis
Some of the kinds of psoriasis are psoriasis vulgaris, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis and pustular psoriasis. Nail psoriasis may show up in the form of yellow and pitted nails often confused for nail fungus. Head psoriasis or scalp psoriasis is really dangerous as it may lead to a complete hairloss.
The signs and symptoms of the skin condition
If you suspect psoriasis, watch out for the potential signs and symptoms given here. There can be scaly and small red or pink bumps appearing over the skin. If it is plague psoriasis, it affects mainly the skin around knees, scalp and elbows. Your toenails and fingernails may show small pits or even yellowish-brown separation upon the nails. Guttate psoriasis signs and symptoms include small plagues or bumps of scaly and itchy skin. This may impact a major part of the skin following a sore throat.
The way it is diagnosed
A physical examination is performed after considering the medical history of the person. Skin biopsy can also be recommended. The skin specialist tries to find whether it is actually psoriasis or eczema. Psoriasis is difficult to differentiate from other conditions like Eczema, nail fungus and others.
The treatment options
Your doctor can only determine the best treatment option after seeing your condition. It all depends on the skin coverage or the skin involved along with the severity of the condition. If a small portion of the skin is involved, the doctor may prescribe skin ointments, lotions and topical creams. Steroid may be injected onto the scaly patch directly. If the condition is severe, the doctor prescribes ultraviolet light treatment. But, the use of any of the medicines needs a thorough consideration. Topical creams and treatments include Vitamin D creams, topical corticosteroid, topical retinoids and moisturizers. To reduce the appearance of skin flakes, one can utilize coal tar. The skin irritation, skin discoloration will be reduced. There won’t be any stinging once you apply topical creams and ointments. Quick action is needed even if it is frozen shoulder treatment.
Just like in the Tennis Elbow treatment you need to see a joint specialist or physical therapist, in case of psoriasis, you need to see a skin specialist.