At times emergency can even strike to the pet animals as well. It can be anything from bleeding to fracture or choking also. Pet owners should always keep themselves well informed about the emergency treatment and the first aid that should be given to the animals to save their life before they can be taken to a veterinarian. However, the first aid treatment should never be used as a replacement for veterinary care and the pet should be taken to the veterinary hospital without any delay. Keep reading on to know some information about the first aids that can be given to animals.
- Control the movement of the pet and immediately apply ice water compress on the affected area
- For chemical burns immediately flush the burn with considerable amount of water
Excessive coughing, difficulty in breathing, excessive pawing at the mouth, changes in the tongue color are the symptoms related to choking. This is an absolute EMERGENCY. Rush your pet to a nearby veterinary hospital the moment you notice choking symptoms.
- If the object is seen causing air obstruction, try to remove it only if possible. Be careful not to press it down further into the throat.
- While transporting your pet to hospital, hold it upside down by its hind legs, suspend in air and give a firm blow on the area where the rib cage ends. Repeat this till you reach the veterinary hospital. This procedure may also dislodge the object from the throat as the air is pushed out of the lungs sharply.
Caution: Be careful while treating a choking pet as they tend to bite because of their consternation state.
- Muzzle the pet and gently lay it on a hard flat surface for support.
- Always use a firm surface like flat board, stretcher or a sling made from a blanket to carry the pet to the veterinary hospital. Always ensure that there is no movement of the fractured part to the extent possible during transit.
- Counting on the experience an attempt can be made to use a splint to attend the fracture at home but it is always advised to allow the bandaging part to the doctors as a wrongly positioned splint may give troubles beyond your anticipation.
- Try to keep the animal as warm and quiet as possible
- If the animal loses its consciousness, then hold the head to level with the body and carry the pet immediately to a veterinarian.
- Apply pressure to the wound using your hands or a bandage. Do not check intermittently. Let at least 3 minutes pass so that the blood starts clotting before you check.
- If there is severe bleeding on legs, tie a tourniquet above the wound before applying pressure.
- Do not attempt any kind of first aid for internal bleeding like bleeding from nose, mouth, and rectum or if there is blood in urine or the pet is coughing up blood. Immediately take the pet to an emergency veterinary hospital.
Eye injury or eye problems can occur immediately after an accident or after a few hours post the accident. If any swelling, redness or blueness of eye ball is noticed, then immediately take the pet to a veterinarian. Do never apply any medication into your pet’s eyes without consulting the veterinarian. Other symptoms of eye injury also include squinting very often, excessive rubbing or pawing the eyes, increase in tear production, etc.
As mentioned earlier this emergency care should never be substituted for the care and treatment given by a veterinary doctor. The bottom-line is being resourceful can save your pet’s life.