Balance related disorders are a wide range of conditions that are capable of causing feelings of being dizzy or unsteady. The individual feels as if they are moving, floating or spinning despite that they are not in motion. Although the symptoms can be either mild or severe, they usually include feelings of disequilibrium such as unsteady feeling that affects turning, walking, standing or climbing stairs, vertigo, and involuntary movements of the eye. Other symptoms are migraines, seizures, fatigue, depression, motion sickness, nausea, panic, changes in blood pressure and heart rate, and vomiting.
The most common causes of balance related disorders are defects in the inner ear, medications, some health conditions, and problems in the brain. Balance related disorders are usually problems associated with disruption of the vestibular system. Alongside other sensorimotor systems, the vestibular system aids and maintains the balance of the body whether in motion or at rest. When this system has a problem, balance related disorders usually occur.
To understand the best ways to treat balance related disorders, it is important to know the major types of balance related disorders. The common ones include labyrinthitis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (also called positional vertigo), perilymph fistula, Meniere’s disease, mal de debarquement syndrome, and vestibular neuronitis.
Best ways to treat balance related disorders
A few of the best ways to treat balance related disorders are:
- Medications – There are several medications that can be prescribed by the physicians to treat balance related disorders. Some of the symptoms of balance related disorders can be relieved by anti-nausea or anti-vertigo medications. Also, antibiotic, corticosteroids or gentamicin can be injected into the inner ear to reduce symptoms such as dizziness.
- Vestibular rehabilitation – Physical therapists use balancing exercises and retraining to compensate for imbalance so that the affected individual can learn to maintain physical activity and adapt to less balance. Vestibular rehabilitation, which is also called balance retraining exercises, is one of the most effectual methods of treating balance related disorders.
- Surgery – For those suffering from acoustic neuroma or Meniere’s disease, surgery can be recommended to provide relief to some of the symptoms. Stereotactic radiosurgery, which involves the use of radiation, has proven effective in treating acoustic neuroma.
- Positioning procedures – Also called canalith repositioning, positioning procedures are targeted at clearing out particles that have been deposited into the inner ear. The method utilizes various forms of movement of the position of the head to ensure that the particles are moved into canals where they will be absorbed by the body. The service of a physical therapist is usually required during positioning procedures.
- Diet and lifestyle – Other ways of treating balance related disorders especially Meniere’s disease are diet and lifestyle changes. Wearing of compressive stockings and drinking of more fluids are some of the changes that may be required as parts of the treatment of balance related disorders.
Whatever balance related disorders you are having, it is essential for you to seek assistance as soon as possible to avoid complications. Contact Neuro Equilibrium today to treat any balance related disorders.