Piles are a medical condition commonly referred to as haemorrhoids. This condition can be painful and highly uncomfortable for most people. This issue arises when inflamed veins begin to surface on the outer anus or inner rectum. Haemorrhoids can be internal, internal prolapsed, or external. Generally speaking, internal haemorrhoids are asymptomatic until they prolapse. Read below to discover the causes, symptoms and relief for haemorrhoids.
The symptoms of haemorrhoids are not life threatening. However, they can be a serious inconvenience. Generally speaking, haemorrhoids produce itching, burning, bleeding and pain. They can increase in size, as well, when they are left unattended. They can make it difficult to engage in certain activities if they worsen over time.
What causes haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids can arise for a number of different reasons. Pregnancy has be noted as one of the primary causes. However, they often arise from a poor diet. Diets that are low in fibre can increase the likelihood of strain during excretion. This muscular strain causes inflamed veins to arise. Excessive diarrhoea has also been known to increase peristalsis or intestinal contractions and produce haemorrhoid formation as well.
Another common cause of this condition is excessive weight lifting. Extreme weightlifting can create an extreme strain on the lower body and cause these issues to arise. Accordingly, ageing can lead to a weakening of sphincter muscles and cause this issue to arise.
In some cases, you can rely on home remedies to treat haemorrhoids. For example, you may consider simply increasing your fibre intake. If you consume enough fluid, you can reduce the amount of pressure exerted on the rectum overall. You may find a significant amount of fibres in vegetables, grains and certain supplements.
Exercise is also critical to improving bowel healthy and decreasing strain on that area. During the process of defecation, it is recommended that you proceed with patience to prevent the possibility of strain and haemorrhoid formation.
Try having a sitz bath, a low-level bath specifically designed for the buttocks and hips. This can relieve the itch, burning and pain associated with haemorrhoids.
Another recommended approach to treating this condition includes topical relief, such as corticosteroids or even suppositories. Accordingly, you may use ice to treat some of the symptoms, as well.
In some cases, if the symptoms get worse, or the haemorrhoid develops a clot, you may require surgical intervention. One of the most common procedures is banding, in which a surgical band is tied around the haemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. Over a period of time, the haemorrhoid then dries out and falls off the rectum.
In some cases, banding procedures are not enough. Basically, even after banding, you may find that you have large external or prolapsed haemorrhoids. In this case, a hemorrhoidectomy is needed. This surgery has an exceedingly high success rate. It is more invasive than banding, and you will have to rest for between 7-10 days afterward.
Another surgical option is known as staples. This procedure is designed to treat bleeding and prolapsed haemorrhoids.