Knee replacement surgery is also known as Arthroplasty which restructures the knee damaged by arthritis or any other injury. The knee replacement surgery may be broadly classified into four types-
- Partial Arthroplasty- This involves only one part generally the inner part of the knee.
- Total Knee Replacement- It involves the replacement procedure of the joint surfaces at the end of the femur bone or the top of the tibia.
- Kneecap Replacement- It is a procedure in which the underlying portion of the kneecap and its groove area are replaced.
- Complex Knee Replacement- If the arthritis is severe, then you may need a complex knee replacement especially after a second or third joint replacement procedure in the same knee.
Before we detail the procedure, it would be a wise thing to note and get more information about the knee replacement surgery cost in Mumbai, it is expensive when compared to other metro cities in the country. Now to the procedure, in total knee replacement surgery, the diseased knee is replaced by artificial metal plates. During the procedure, the end of the femur or thigh bone is removed and replaced with a metal ball or shell while the top part of the tibia or lower leg bone is substituted by a plastic material with a metal stem. The ligaments supporting the bones may be sacrificed, retained or replaced by polyethylene post.
Total knee replacement therapy is indicated in patients who have severe arthritis, trauma or osteoarthritis. Severe pain, stiffness and difficulty in walking and performing daily routine is part of the knee joint trauma.
Risks of Knee Replacement Therapy
The risk associated with the surgery includes blood clotting in the legs which can travel to lungs and cause an embolism. Others may show signs of nausea, vomiting, chronic knee pain, stiffness and bleeding in the joint area.
It takes almost one to three hours for the knee replacement surgery to be completed. Then the patient is taken to the recovery room where his/her vital signs are monitored and is kept under observation. The physical evaluation and therapy start after 48 hours of the surgery. Initially, it is tedious as the joint is stiff and pain restricts the movement. Knee immobilizers are used to stabilize the joint after the patient starts to walk and physical therapy has started. Patients use CPM (Continuous Passive Motion) which helps to knee to perform lot of motions along with walkers and crutches and walking up the stairs slowly.
Total Knee Replacement in India
There are well-equipped hospitals in all the metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune, Chennai and Kolkata. Nowadays, online surgery packages are available so it is easier to choose according to the ailment which persists. There are a lot of international patients who visit India on a tour get these treatments done, as it is cost-effective and various packages are offered.
The cost of knee replacement surgery in Mumbai in a private hospital ranges between Rs.100000 to Rs.400000 while the same procedure rarely touches the range of Rs.400000 in Gujarat or New Delhi. The recent lifestyle and work culture have led to an increase in the joint problems and the younger generation is also opting for knee replacement surgery procedures.