You never know when an emergency might strike, and if somebody takes seriously ill or is injured when you are around, it’s always best that you know what to do in order to help them the best you can. Learning first aid skills allows you to intervene in a medical emergency and keep things under control until the emergency services arrive. Here are some first aid skills that can save lives, therefore, it’s important for everybody to know them!
If a patient has gone into cardiac arrest, it’s important that somebody is able to perform CPR on them. Performing CPR is the best way to get the patient’s heart beating again until a defibrillator is made available, either on the scene or by the emergency services. Knowing how to perform CPR could be the difference between life and death when somebody goes into cardiac arrest. You will learn CPR when taking any emergency first aid certificate program.
2. Stopping Heavy Bleeding:
Knowing how to stop heavy bleeding can make a deep wound a lot less dangerous for the patient. Losing a lot of blood can quickly make a person lose consciousness or even die, and without the right steps to stop bleeding, a transfusion may be needed in many situations. To stop heavy bleeding, you will need to put pressure on the wound with a sterile cloth or pad, ideally. You should also be able to recognise the signs of arterial bleeding, as this can cause a patient to bleed out very quickly.
3. The Heimlich Manoeuvre:
If somebody is choking, they will be unable to breathe as the object that is stuck in their throat is blocking their airways. Without assistance, choking can quickly lead to death as the patient will not be getting any oxygen to their heart or brain. Learning the Heimlich manoeuvre, which involves using your hands to make abdominal thrusts, could allow you to save somebody from choking quickly and effectively.
4. Spotting a Stroke:
When somebody is having a stroke, it’s essential that they get the right treatment as quickly as possible. When the signs of a stroke are spotted and deal with as quickly as possible, the patient is more likely going to be able to live a normal life and make a full recovery. Although strokes are usually associated more often with the elderly, there is no minimum age limit to suffering one. Signs of a stroke include dizziness, numbness on one side of the body, impaired speech, difficulty seeing out of either one or both eyes, disorientation, and trouble walking straight.
5. Treating Shock:
During accidents and traumatic events, shock is the biggest danger to patients involved. Even if a person has been able to narrowly miss any serious physical harm, the shock of the situation can cause them to become very unwell. Shock occurs by a lack of blood to the brain, and is typically characterised by symptoms such as feeling faint and dizzy, disorientation, and pale skin. These symptoms can be alleviated by having the patient lie on their back with their feet raised.