A couple uses this type of LDCs, if the spouse is infertile (oligospermia) or if intercourse is impossible.
The woman undergoes treatment to stimulate the ovaries, which causes ovulation. The IUI is then made around 36 hours after the induction of ovulation with the husband’s sperm was collected and frozen in a CECOS (Center for the Study and Conservation of eggs and sperm).
Insemination is practiced with a disposable catheter end. It is inserted into the uterus by natural way. The volume injected is in the range of 300 to 500 microliters. After a few minutes of rest, the patient can resume normal activity.
The success rate is 75% over a year, or 12 inseminations and 10% to 15% on the first insemination. The repetition of insemination cycles does not result in an addition of chances of success, but nevertheless increases them.
The risks of treatment are: -The hyperstimulation (it is manifested by pain and increased abdominal girth.) -A Risk of multiple pregnancy. A careful medical monitoring significantly reduces these risks. -Finally, Artificial insemination does not eliminate the usual complications of natural pregnancy is ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages and birth defects.
The I.A.C. is the simplest technique in the hierarchy of medical assisted reproduction techniques. Other more sophisticated techniques can take over in case of failure, such as in vitro fertilization with different variants.
B Artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID)
If the spouse is sterile, a couple may use this type of LDCs.
The methods and the risks are the same as those of the IAC with the difference that the sperm comes from a donor and not the spouse.
C. In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET)
To solve some female sterility (tubal occlusion) fertilization in vitro techniques has emerged.
This is to take the woman’s egg during an examination followed by surgery, a process called “laparoscopy” (puncture with a long needle).